Friday, September 7, 2012

CHD Facts

Congenital Heart Defects are the #1 birth defect worldwide

Congenital Heart Defects are the #1 cause of birth defect related deaths worldwide

About 1 out of every 100 babies are born each year with some type of Congenital Heart Defect in the United States (approx. 40,000/year)

Nearly twice as many children die from Congenital Heart Defects in the United States each year as from all forms of childhood cancers combined, yet funding for pediatric cancer research is five times higher than funding for Congenital Heart Defects

Each year worldwide 100,000 babies (under one year old) will not live to celebrate their first birthday

Each year in the United States approximately 4,000 babies (under one year old) will not live to celebrate their first birthday

The cost for inpatient surgery to repair Congenital Heart Defects exceeds $2.2 billion a year

Of every dollar the government spends on medical funding only a fraction of a penny is directed toward Congenital Heart Defect research

The American Heart Association directs only $0.30 of every dollar donated toward research. The remainder goes toward administration, education and fundraising efforts. Of the $0.30 that goes toward research only $0.01 goes toward pediatric cardiology for CHD

Though research is ongoing, at least 35 defects have now been identified

Although some babies will be diagnosed during gestation or at birth, sometimes the diagnosis is not made until days, weeks, months, or even years after. In some cases, CHD is not detected until adolescence or adulthood

It is a proven fact that the earlier CHD is detected and treated, it is more likely the affected child will survive and have less long term health complications

Cancer Facts

Fortunately, childhood cancers are rare, making up less than 1% of all cancers diagnosed each year. About 12,060 children in the United States under the age of 15 will be diagnosed with cancer in 2012. Childhood cancer rates have been rising slightly for the past few decades. Because of major treatment advances in recent decades, about 80% of children with cancer now survive 5 years or more (although this rate varies depending on the type of cancer). Overall, this is a huge increase from before the 1970s, when the 5-year survival rate was less than 50%. Survival rates for different cancer types are listed in the section, "Surviving childhood cancer." Despite its rarity and the major advances in treatment and supportive care, cancer is still the second leading cause of death in children younger than 15 years old (after accidents). About 1,340 children are expected to die from cancer in 2012. Last Medical Review: 07/22/2011 Last Revised: 01/09/2012

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